Center Research Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute, Stanford University
Fifth Floor, Encina Hall,Stanford, CA 94305
PhD.-International Comparative Education, Stanford University, Sept. 2009
M.A.-Economics, Stanford University, Jan. 2008
B.A.-Economics, Stanford University, March 1997
Loyalka, P., Carnoy, M., Froumin, I., Dossani, R., Tilak, J.B., Dobryaoka, M. (2014). “Factors Affecting the Quality of Engineering Education in the Four Largest Emerging Economies.”Higher Education. Forthcoming.
Loyalka, P., Wei, J.G., Song, Y.Q., Zhong, W.P., Chu, J. (2015). “The Impacts of Building Elite High Schools for Students from Disadvantaged Areas.”Economic Development and Cultural Change.Forthcoming.
Loyalka, P., Liu, L., Chen, G., Zheng X.Y. (2014). “The Cost of Disability in China.”Demography,51(1): 97-118.
Zakharov, A., Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P. (2014). “Which Teaching Practices Improve Student Performance on High-Stakes Exams? Evidence from Russia.”International Journal of Educational Development. Forthcoming.
Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P., Androushchak, G., and I.Froumin(2014). “The Concept of Public Goods, the State, and Higher Education Finance: A View from the BRICS.”Higher Education.
Li, H.B., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S., Wu B.Z., Xie, J.Y. (2014). “Unequal Access to College in China:
How Far have Poor, Rural Students been Left Behind?”China Quarterly.Forthcoming.
Wang, X.B., Liu, C.F., Zhang, L.X., Luo R.F., Rozelle, S., Loyalka, P. (2014). Response to “Reassessing Disparity in Access to Higher Education in Contemporary China.”China Quarterly. Forthcoming.
Loyalka, P., Liu C.F., Song, Y.Q., Yi, H.M., Huang, X.T., Wei, J.G., Zhang, L.X., Yao, S.J, Chu, J., Rozelle, S. (2013). “Can Information and Counseling Help Students from Poor, Rural Areas Go to High School? Evidence from China.”Journal of Comparative Economics.
Loyalka, P., Song, Y.Q., Wei, J.G, Zhong, W.P., Rozelle, S. (2013). “Financial Aid, College Decisions, and Information: Evidence from a Cluster-RCT in China.”Economics of Education Review36, 26–40.
Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P., Froumin, I. (2013).University Expansion in the BRIC Countries and the Global Information Economy.Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning.
Chen, X.X., Yao, S., Yi, H.M., Zhang, L.X., Mo, D., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. (2013). The Impact of a Senior High School Tuition Relief Program on Poor Junior High School Students in Rural China.”China World and Economy.
Yi, H.M., Zhang, L.X., Liu, C.F., Yue, A., Yang, C., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Maani, M., Wei, J.G. (2013).
“A Report Card: How Are Secondary Vocational Schools in China Measuring Up to Government Benchmarks?”China World and Economy.
Loyalka, P., Wei, J.G., Song, Y.Q. (2012). “Is Aid Reaching Poor Students? The Distribution of Student Financial Aid across China’s Higher Education System.” China Economic Review, 23(4), pp. 898–917.
Loyalka, P., Song, Y.Q., J.G. Wei. (2012). “The Effects of Attending Selective College Tiers in China.”Social Science Research, 41, pp. 287–305.
Liu C.F., Zhang, L.X., Rozelle, S., Loyalka, P. (2010). “The Effect of Primary School Mergers on Academic Performance of Students in Rural China.”International Journal of Educational Development, 30(6), pp. 570-585.
Submitted to Refereed Journals
Yi, H.M., Song, Y.Q., Liu C.F., Huang, X.T., Zhang, L.X., Yao, S.J, Bai, Y.L., Yang, C., Wang, H., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Rozelle, S. (2014). “Giving Kids a Head Start: The Impact of Early Commitment of Financial Aid on Poor Junior High School Students in Rural China”Revise andResubmit: Journal of Development Economics.
Loyalka, P., Huang, X.T., Zhang, L.X., Wei, J.G., Yi, H.M., Song, Y.Q., Ren, B.P., Yao, S.J, Maani, M., Chu, J. Rozelle, S. (2014). “The Impact of Vocational Schooling on Human Capital Development in Developing Countries: Evidence from China.”Revise and Resubmit: World Bank Economic Review.
Loyalka, P., Q., Yue, Sylvia, S., Maani, M., and Rozelle, S. (2014). “Absolute versus Comparative Advantage: Consequences for Gender Gaps in STEM and College Access in Emerging Economies.”Revise and Resubmit: American Education Research Journal.
Loyalka, P. and Zakharov, A. (2014). “Does Shadow Education Help Students Prepare for College?”
Yao, J., Yi, H.M., Zhang, L.X., Shi, Y.J., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. (2014). “Exploring Dropout Rates and Causes of Dropout in Upper-Secondary Vocational Schools in China.”
Johnston, J., Loyalka, P., Chu, J., Song, Y.Q., Yi, H.M., Huang, X.T., Rozelle, S. (2014). “The Impact of Vocational Teachers on Student Learning in Developing Countries: Does Enterprise Experience Matter?”
Johnson, N., Shi, Y.J., Yang, C., Yi, Zhang, L.X., Yi H.M., Liu, C.F., Chu, J., Loyalka, P., Rozelle, S. (2014). “Dropout in Rural China's Secondary Schools: A Mixed-Methods Analysis.”
Books and Reports
Carnoy, M., Loyalka, P., Dobryakova, M., Dossani, R., Froumin, I., Kuhns, K., Tilak, J. & Wang, R. (2013).University Expansion in a Changing Global Economy: Triumph of the BRICs?Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Carnoy M., T. Beteille, I. Brodziak, P. Loyalka, and T. Luschei (2009). “Do Countries Paying Teachers Higher Relative Salaries Have Higher Student Mathematics Achievement?” Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M). Report for the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).
“Do Poor, Rural Students Make Inefficient College & Major Choices? Evidence from China”
“The Impact of College Admissions Rules on Poor and Low-Achieving Students’ Access to College and Elite Colleges”
“The Role of Uncertain Choices in Inequality in College Admissions”
“The Benefits and Costs of RetakingCompetitive Entrance Exams: Evidence from China.”
“The Impact of Early versus Late Specialization on Students’ Commitment to Major”
“Mapping Inequality in the Pathway to College in China: What Happens after Junior High School?”
“Can Student-Parent Text-Messaging Increase Student Achievement on High-Stakes Exams? Evidence from China”
“Improving the High School Admissions Process in Developing Countries”
“Estimating the Impacts of Attending Elite High Schools in China.”
“Educational Tracking and Stereotype Threat”
“The Impact of Attending Key Vocational High Schools on Student Learning in China”
“Which Teacher Qualifications Matter in China?”
“Teachers, Multitasking, and Student Learning”
“The Impacts of Teacher Pro-social Motivation and Inequality Aversion on Student Achievement on High-Stakes High School Entrance Exams: Evidence from China”
“The Distributional Preferences of Teachers and Student Achievement” with Sean Sylvia, Chengfang Liu, Yaojiang Shi, James Chu, Scott Rozelle
“The Impacts of Teacher Pro-social and Intrinsic Motivation on Primary School Student Achievement: Evidence from China”
Health and Disability
“Disability and Education in China.”
“The Economics of Visual Disabilities in China.”
Principal Investigator “Assessing and Improving the Quality of Higher Education: An International Comparative Study.”
Principal Investigator “Understanding Mathematics Learning Trajectories in Developing Countries: Using IRT-scaled Tests for Grades 3-9”
Principal Investigator. “Designs for Teacher Incentives.” Funded by Ford Foundation, Xu Family Charitable Foundation and REAP. ~$350,000
Principal Investigator. “Tools to Improve Internships in China: Developing an Assessment Toolkit to Evaluate Vocational High Schools in Henan.” ~$430,000
Principal Investigator (CIEFR), “Investment in Vocational vs. General Schooling: Evaluating China’s Expansion of Vocational Education and Laying the Foundation for Further Vocational Education Evaluation,” with Stanford, Oxford, Chinese Academy of Sciences (October 2010-2013). (Funded by 3ie, ~$850,000)
Principal Investigator, “Can Special Magnet High Schools for China’s Poorest Equalize College-Going Opportunities? An Extensive Evaluation of Ningxia’s Key Magnet High School Project” with Y.Q. Song and J.G. Wei (June 2009—May 2011).(Funded by the Ningxia Provincial Government)
Principal Investigator (for China), “The Impacts of Rapid Higher Education Expansion in the World’s Largest Developing Economies,” with Martin Carnoy, Rafiq Dossani, Isak Froumin, Jandhyala Tilak, Maria Dobryakova (July 2007-Sept. 2011).(Funded by CIEFR)
Researcher, “The Impacts of Vouchers and Savings Plans on Migrant Students Educational Achievement and Educational Choices.” (September 2010-June 2012). (Funded by FAB)
Researcher, “Comparing the Impacts of Private and Public School Education on Beijing Migrant Children’s Educational Outcomes,” with Y.Q. Song and J.G. Wei (2009-March 2010) (Funded by CIEFR)
Researcher, “Estimating the Effects of Information on Student Education and Work Choices: Evidence from Two Cluster-RCTs,” with Y.Q. Song and J.G. Wei (2008-2009).(Funded by CIEFR)
Conference Papers/Presentations (incomplete)
“Gender Choices and STEM in Emerging Economies.” AEFP 2014, San Antonio, March 2014
“Impact of Vocational Teachers on Student Achievement.” CIES 2014, Toronto, March 2014.
“Impact of VET on Human Capital Development in China.” SREE Spring 2014, Washington D.C., March 2014.
“Impact of VET on Human Capital Development in China.” China Human Capital Conference, Beijing December 2013
“Student Workers in China.” EICC, San Francisco, 2013.
“Can Information and Counseling Help Students from Poor, Rural Areas Go to High School? Evidence from China.” Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE) Spring Conference. Washington D.C., March 7-9, 2013.
“Higher Education and the Role of the State in the BRIC Nations.” Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) Annual Conference. Charlotte, NC, Nov. 17-19, 2011.
“The Impacts of Building KeyMagnet High Schools for China’sDisadvantaged Students: Evidencefrom a Short-Interrupted Time-Series Design with Multiple Comparison Groups.” Minding the Gap: 3ie Impact Evaluation Conference. Cuernavaca, Mexico, June 15-17, 2011.
“The Expansion and Quality of Engineering Education in China.” Comparative International Education Society (CIES) Annual Meeting, Montreal, May 1-5, 2011.
“Is Aid Reaching Poor Students? The Distribution of Student Financial Aidacross China’s Higher Education System.” Association for Education Finance and Policy Annual Meeting. Seattle, March 24-26, 2011.
“Financial aid, college choices, and information: evidence from a cluster-RCT in China.” Panel on Education RCTs in China. American Economic Association’s Annual Meeting. Colorado, January 7-9, 2011.
“The Extra Costs of Disability in China.” 4th Forum for the Development of Work on Disability in China. Beijing, China, December 1-2, 2010.
China Economic Review, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics of Education Review, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, Sociology of Education, Sociological Quarterly, Social Science Research, Studies in Higher Education, World Development
Mongolia Department of Education (2012-2013). Higher Education Reform and Planning.
ADB (June 2012 – September 2012). Labor Market and Skills Analysis related to developing Technical and Vocational Education in Hunan, China.
OECD (November 2011 – February 2012). Preparing a report on gender and education inequality in China, with a focus on gender and STEM education.
World Bank (December 2011 – March 2012). Comparing Engineering Education across the BRICs. Short-Term Consultant. Comparative summary on engineering education quality for the government of India.
World Bank (October 2010 – February 2011). South-South Study Visit on Skills and Vocational Education and Training in China and India. Short-Term Consultant. Wrote an internal report on TVET development and best-practices in selected regions of India and China.
Honors and Awards
l Freeman Spogli Institute Chinese Dissertation Fellowship (2007-2008)
l Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowship, Chinese (2006-2007)
l Alice F. Moore Memorial Fellowship (2004-2005)
l Summer Research Training Institute on Cluster-Randomized Trials, (sponsored by the Institute for Educational Sciences, US Department of Education; Instructors: Larry Hedges and Mark Lipsey; June 19-30, 2011)
l 3ie Impact Evaluation Workshop and Training in Beijing (Assistant Instructor; with Paul Glewwe, Howard White, Summer 2010).
l Workshop on Quasi-Experimental Design & Analysis (sponsored by the Institute for Educational Sciences, US Department of Education; Instructors: Will Shadish, Tom Cook; August 2008)
l Advanced Quantitative Research Methods for Social Scientists (Harvard University; Instructor: Gary King, Winter Semester 2010)
REAP (Rural Education Action Project), Stanford University
CEPA (Center for Education Policy and Analysis), Stanford University, Faculty Affiliate
Moscow Higher School of Economics, Senior Visiting Researcher
3ie Expert Roster, Member
Teaching, Moscow School of Higher Economics
Research Inquiry and Design in Education (Winter 2012)
Graduate course on descriptive studies, experimental and quasi experimental research design.
OtherProfessionalHistory(US, China, Russia)
Stanford University, Freeman Spogli Institute, Stanford, CA USA
(Sept. 1, 2012 – onwards)
Center Research Fellow
Conduct action-based, policy-relevant research on issues related to China’s education system. Main focus is on examining the educational choices, inequality, and quality facing youth who are entering high school and college. Special focus is onimproving the opportunities of disadvantaged youth including poor, rural, female, minority students, as well as people with disabilities.
Peking University, China Institute for Educational Finance Research, Beijing, China
(Nov. 2007—July 2012)
Conductedpolicy-relevant research on issues related to the Chinese education system. Research focused onhigher education,upper secondaryeducation(general and vocational),health (disability),junior high school education, rural education, migrant education, early childhood education. Special focus on issues of education and social inequality for various disadvantaged groups including rural, poor, female, minority studentsandpeople with disabilities. Designedand executedrandomizedexperiments and quasi-experiments, designedand coordinatedlarge surveys, utilizednonparametric and semiparametric statistical methodsto writedescriptive studies,policy impact evaluationpapers,and policy briefsfor China’s MOE and MOF. Interactedwithand gave presentations tofellow researchers in China, government officials from the Ministries of Education and Finance, local (provincial and county) officials, school leaders, foundations and NGOs, teachers, and students(allin Chinese).
Moscow Higher School of Economics,International Center for Education Policy Analysis, Moscow, Russia
Conduct policy-relevant, comparative, and quantitativeresearch on issues related to theRussianeducation system, with a particular focus on high school and college education.
Xi’an Carmel Information Consulting Co., Ltd.,Xi’an, China(Aug. 2002-July 2004)
Amaranten (ASIA) Network Solutions Co.,Xi’an, China(April 2001-Aug. 2002)
Oversawadministrative operations for Amaranten ASIA, a joint-venture company that develops and markets firewalls and sells broadband wireless products. Managed administrative staff, HR (hiring, evaluation, training, etc.);organized work flows between sales, technical, and administrative departments; organized marketing and advertising efforts;organized sales strategy meetings;oversaw budget and tracked sales.
AsiaStar Software International Co., Ltd.,Xi’an, China(Nov. 2000-Mar. 2001)
Created and promoted an “international” corporate culture in a Chinese-owned software company to improve employees’ ability to offer first-rate services to American clients.Conducted trainings including team-building, software engineering principles, CMM quality standards, and communication skills for programmers;delivered presentations tokeyAmerican clients.
Southwestern BellCommunications,San Ramon, California(April 1997-Dec. 1997)
Product Economics Specialist (Broadband Services Marketing Department)
Forecasted volumes and analyzed revenues for three billion dollar product line.
Part-time lecturer and teacher, Xi’an, China (1998-2004)
Taught English to students from virtually every educational level: kindergarten, primary, middle secondary, upper-secondary, university, and professional.
Participated in tournaments and received world-class training for nearly eight years. NTRP of 6.0.